REFMAD FARMS OFFER DRAGONFRUIT PRODUCTS ONLINE

The dragon fruit product near in the Philippines have so many product just like red dragon fruit jam, dragon fruit juice drink, dried dragon fruit, dragon fruit mango, and dragon fruit pitaya freeze dried extract powder.
The fruit also has good potential to be processed into many product thus adding value. These processed product include energy and fruit bars, ice cream, jelly, marmalade and preserves, juice , pastries, pulp, and yogurt.
Dragon fruit product one of the fruit which must be include is dragon fruit also called pitaya, and then also known the dragon fruit is a herbal medicine known for antiseptic property used to treat skin diseases, dragon fruit may be used as an ingredient in functional food.
What are the benefit of dragon fruit?
-Boosts immunity
-Rich in vitamins
-Aids in digestion
-Prevents cancer
-Anti bacterial properties
Dragon fruits have a surprising number of phytonutrients . Rich in vitamin C ( equivalent 10 percent of the daily value), polyunsurated (good) fatty acids, and several B vitamins for carbohydrate metabolism, as well as carotene and protein. Calcium is present for strong bones and teeth, iron, and phosphorus for healthy blood and tissue formation. The benefits are realized in a number of ways, from a strengthened immune system and faster healing of bruises and wounds to fewer respiratory problems.

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PITAYA FRUIT IN VARIOUS COLORS

Why is red flesh Dragon Fruit more expensive & less popular ?

Posted by Mannajoy under 4064289bloodbone densitycactuscolonconstipationdiabetesdragon fruitglucosehylocereninHylocereusHylocereus PolyrhizusHylocereus UndatusisohylocereninkiwiPitahayapitayaPolyrhizusraspberrySelenicereus Megalanthusstrawberry pearUndatuswatermelon
[70] Comments

The only RED Dragon Fruit (aka pitaya or pitahaya or strawberry pear) that I am used to were those with RED SKIN and WHITE FLESH (Hylocereus undatus). It tasted a bit bitter to me and I didn’t like the after-taste. Other reports said it tastes like a mix of kiwi fruit and watermelon.

3 types of Dragon Fruits

 

I didn’t take notice of it other than eating what was being served to me until a friend shared about its benefits and salad recipe. As it is beneficial to health, I posted it here under “Why Dragon Fruit?“. Only then did I notice that there is a RED SKIN Dragon Fruit with RED FLESH (Hylocereus polyrhizus) variation.

Now I also found out that there is YELLOW SKIN variety (Selenicereus megalanthus) and with only white flesh.

The taste of the red flesh variety is sweeter and the after taste is great to me. Other reports said it tastes like raspberries. I will usually eat 1 whole fruit (about 300-500gm) willingly which I normally won’t with other fruits. However, it is not that common as they are in Malaysia.

Yesterday, at a neighborhood market, I saw red Dragon fruit selling at a stall and as usual, only white flesh variety was on sale at S$1.50 (approx. US$1) per fruit. When asked, the seller said that white flesh variety is preferred by most consumers because those who consumed are paranoid about the reddish variation of urine or stools that they will pass out after consumption. They are apparently worried that the red flesh is a result of genetic modification, adding of artificial coloring or preservatives, etc.

This red “symptom” happened only if one eats quite a bit, a fruit or so as I have experienced myself.

Exporters in Malaysia for pitaya explained that the color is 100% natural and that it is not genetically modified or dyed red. The color comes from natural pigments known as hylocerenin and isohylocerenin and is also known to have natural florescent property. That makes the red flesh variety prettier when served.

If one were to eat a lot of blackberries or those fruits with such pigmentation, the output into the toilet bowl will be similar. However, how many people eat 0.5kg or more of such berries?

Yet, red flesh variety is more expensive and they are sold here in kilogram (S$4-S$5 per kg) instead of by quantity. I recently bought 2 red flesh fruits for close to S$4.00 (approx US$2.80).

Malaysian exporters justified the higher cost to its benefits. One reported that “Eating red-fleshed pitaya fruit was reported to increase bone density, prevent colon cancer and ease constipation. This can explained why red pitaya cost more expensive as compared to white pitaya“.

It was also reported that the red flesh variety is believed to be rich in antioxidants and has an exceptionally high content of soluble fiber. It is considered a good source of vitamin C and its vitamin C is more easily absorbed than vitamin C from a pill supplement. Some bloggers swear that it helps to lower blood glucose levels in type 2 diabetes.

Well, anyone out there got a health benefit comparison report between the red and white flesh? Ahh, don’t forget the yellow skin.

Meanwhile, I will still go for the Red Flesh Red Dragon Fruit whenever possible.

Source:https://mannajoy.wordpress.com/2008/01/11/why-is-red-flesh-dragon-fruit-more-expensive-less-popular/

Are Pitaya and dragon fruit the same?
Yes! Pitaya was first discovered in Central America, centuries ago, and has traveled to all corners of the globe. Early missionaries brought Pitaya to Asia where it has since been renamed and is more commonly known as, Dragon Fruit.

 

WHITE FLESHED PITAHAYA

Why is my dragon fruit white?
Other varieties have pink or deep magenta-colored flesh, or white flesh with a yellow peel. We wouldn’t say that the dragon fruit is just blowing smoke, but it does look far more dramatic than it tastes. … Try using dragon fruit in a smoothie or a cocktail.

More information


Pitahaya or Dragonfruit, White-fleshed Pitahaya (Hylocereus undatus)
Location: Mekong, My Tho, Südostasien, Vietnam Date taken: 24 November 2012 Photographer: Andreas Rose
http://s7.addthis.com/static/sh.d663e43787b663d5491cf753.html#rand=0.3792334698317248&iit=1515233417038&tmr=load%3D1515233416512%26core%3D1515233416595%26main%3D1515233417029%26ifr%3D1515233417048&cb=0&cdn=0&md=0&kw=cactaceae%2Ccacti%2Ccactus%2Cday%2Cdaylight%2Cdaytime%2Cdragon%2Cdragonfruit%2Cexotic%2Cflora&ab=-&dh=www.alamy.com&dr=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.google.com.ph%2F&du=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.alamy.com%2Fstock-photo-pitahaya-or-dragonfruit-white-fleshed-pitahaya-hylocereus-undatus-60241216.html&href=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.alamy.com%2Fstock-photo-pitahaya-or-dragonfruit-white-fleshed-pitahaya-hylocereus-undatus-60241216.html&dt=Stock%20Photo%20-%20Pitahaya%20or%20Dragonfruit%2C%20White-fleshed%20Pitahaya%20(Hylocereus%20undatus&dbg=0&cap=tc%3D0%26ab%3D0&inst=1&jsl=1&prod=undefined&lng=en&ogt=image%2Csite_name%2Cdescription%2Ctitle%2Curl&pc=men&pub=ra-521c3c2d152bf48c&ssl=0&sid=5a50a08851324d4f&srf=0.01&ver=300&xck=0&xtr=0&og=url%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.alamy.com%252Fstock-photo-pitahaya-or-dragonfruit-white-fleshed-pitahaya-hylocereus-undatus-60241216.html%26title%3DStock%2520Photo%2520-%2520Pitahaya%2520or%2520Dragonfruit%252C%2520White-fleshed%2520Pitahaya%2520(Hylocereus%2520undatus%26description%3DDownload%2520this%2520stock%2520image%253A%2520Pitahaya%2520or%2520Dragonfruit%252C%2520White-fleshed%2520Pitahaya%2520(Hylocereus%2520undatus)%2520-%2520DE0680%2520from%2520Alamy's%2520library%2520of%2520millions%2520of%2520high%2520resolution%2520stock%2520photos%252C%2520illustrations%2520and%2520vectors.%26site_name%3DAlamy%26image%3Dhttp%253A%252F%252Fc7.alamy.com%252Fcomp%252FDE0680%252Fpitahaya-or-dragonfruit-white-fleshed-pitahaya-hylocereus-undatus-DE0680.jpg&csi=undefined&rev=v8.1.5-wp&ct=1&xld=1&xd=1

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WHITE PITAHAYA HYLOCEREUS UNDATUS

pitaya sample image

White Pitaya (Hylocereus undatus) Juice Attenuates Insulin Resistance and Hepatic Steatosis in Diet-Induced Obese Mice.

Song H1,2Zheng Z1Wu J1Lai J1Chu Q1Zheng X1,2.

Abstract

Insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis are the most common complications of obesity. Pitaya is an important source of phytochemicals such as polyphenols, flavonoid and vitamin C which are related to its antioxidant activity. The present study was conducted to evaluate the influence of white pitaya juice (WPJ) on obesity-related metabolic disorders (e.g. insulin resistance and hepatic steatosis) in high-fat diet-fed mice. Forty-eight male C57BL/6J mice were assigned into four groups and fed low-fat diet with free access to water or WPJ, or fed high-fat diet with free access to water or WPJ for 14 weeks. Our results showed that administration of WPJ improved high-fat diet-induced insulin resistance, hepatic steatosis and adipose hypertrophy, but it exerted no influence on body weight gain in mice. Hepatic gene expression analysis indicated that WPJ supplement not only changed the expression profile of genes involved in lipid and cholesterol metabolism (Srebp1, HMGCoR, Cpt1b, HL, Insig1 and Insig2) but also significantly increased the expression levels of FGF21-related genes (Klb, FGFR2, Egr1 and cFos). In conclusion, WPJ protected from diet-induced hepatic steatosis and insulin resistance, which was associated with the improved FGF21 resistance and lipid metabolism.

PMID:

 

26914024

 

PMCID:

 

PMC4767368

 

DOI:

 

10.1371/journal.pone.0149670
[Indexed for MEDLINE] 

Free PMC Article

Stock Photo – fresh pitaya fruit Hylocereus undatus on a white background
fresh pitaya fruit  Hylocereus undatus  on a white background Stock Photo - 15106350
fresh pitaya fruit Hylocereus undatus on a white background
Image ID : 15106350
Media Type : Stock Photo
Copyright : Peter Zijlstra
Resolution Credits
Web Use (72dpi)
 JPG 450 x 300 px 15.9 cm x 10.6 cm 1
 JPG 848 x 565 px 29.9 cm x 19.9 cm 2
Web or Print Use (300dpi)
 JPG 1678 x 1119 px 14.2 cm x 9.5 cm 3
 JPG 2508 x 1672 px 21.2 cm x 14.1 cm 4
 JPG 3831 x 2554 px 32.4 cm x 21.6 cm 5
 JPG 4896 x 3264 px 41.5 cm x 27.6 cm 6
 TIFF 6120 x 4080 px 51.8 cm x 34.5 cm 10
Social Media Use
Custom Size Edit with 123RF Editor
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asian

 

black

 

cactus

 

cut

 

dessert

 

dragon fruit

 

exotic

 

food

 

fresh

 

freshness

 

fruit

 

gourmet

 

green

 

half
healthy

 

isolated

 

juicy

 

nature

 

nutrition

 

open

 

organic

 

pink

 

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pitaya

 

produce

 

raw

 

red

 

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tropical

 

unique

 

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cut red dragon fruit with green..
#42457861
cut red dragon fruit with green scales on black slate sufrace photo
cut red dragon fruit with green..
#42457868
Pitaya - dragon fruit on a white background photo
Pitaya – dragon fruit on a white..
#14789882
Dragon fruit on white cackground - isolated photo
Dragon fruit on white cackground..
#20752999
cut Dragon fruit on white cackground - isolated photo
cut Dragon fruit on white cackground..
#20752990
Dragonfruit with white background photo
Dragonfruit with white background
#23285793
fresh honey pomelo fruit on a white background  photo
fresh honey pomelo fruit on a white..
#15106073
bunch of cantaloupe melons on a green background photo
bunch of cantaloupe melons on a..
#21548828
fresh strawberries and a cut one in a wooden box  photo
fresh strawberries and a cut one..
#15085867
green kiwi fruit and some cut ones in a wooden box on a white background  photo
green kiwi fruit and some cut ones..
#15050728
fresh galia melons and a cut one in a wooden crate against a blue sky with clouds photo
fresh galia melons and a cut one..
#20295203
fresh kaki fruit and two halves on a white background photo
fresh kaki fruit and two halves..
#34759413
bunch of cantaloupe melons on a white background photo
bunch of cantaloupe melons on a..
#21725437
Dragon fruit, isolated on white photo
Dragon fruit, isolated on white
#10120335
Two whole ripe dragon fruit isolated on white background photo
Two whole ripe dragon fruit isolated..
#42566815
A diced dragon fruit with a sun umbrella on a white background photo
A diced dragon fruit with a sun..
#12898469
Dragon fruit on market in thailand photo
Dragon fruit on market in thailand
#33882789
Whole dragon fruit isolated on white background. Tropical fruits concept. photo
Whole dragon fruit isolated on..
#40180392
Dragon fruit or Pitaya isolated on white  photo
Dragon fruit or Pitaya isolated..
#25367203
Diced dragon fruit pieces in the shell on a wooden board photo
Diced dragon fruit pieces in the..
#10796701
fresh strawberries and a cut one in red ceramic cups on a white background photo
fresh strawberries and a cut one..
#20954855
two whole cantaloupe melons on a white background photo
two whole cantaloupe melons on..
#20954908
cantaloupe melons on a white background photo
cantaloupe melons on a white background
#20954862
Dragon Fruit photo
Dragon Fruit
#22092430
Diced dragon fruit pieces in the shell fruit with sea shells photo
Diced dragon fruit pieces in the..
#10796697
Dragon fruit on market in thailand photo
Dragon fruit on market in thailand
#33880610
fresh Dutch  Jazz  apples in a wooden crate on a white background photo
fresh Dutch Jazz apples in a..
#18372124
one whole and a cut orange on a white background  photo
one whole and a cut orange on a..
#15189566
fresh galia melons and a cut one in a wooden crate against a blue sky with clouds photo
fresh galia melons and a cut one..
#20294671
Dragon fruit pitahaya pitaya on white background photo
Dragon fruit pitahaya pitaya on..
#10796699
fresh strawberries and a cut one on a white background photo
fresh strawberries and a cut one..
#20954849
Gac fruit is thai fruit and thai herb photo
Gac fruit is thai fruit and thai..
#10199809
fresh strawberries and a cut one on a white background photo
fresh strawberries and a cut one..
#20954860
two red grapefruits on a white background photo
two red grapefruits on a white..
#20982363
fresh strawberry and a cut one on a white background photo
fresh strawberry and a cut one..
#20954859
fresh nashi pear on a white background  photo
fresh nashi pear on a white background
#15106058
bunch of fresh lychees and a cut one on a white background  photo
bunch of fresh lychees and a cut..
#15049545
fresh strawberries and a cut one on a white background photo
fresh strawberries and a cut one..
#20954854

HYLOCEREUS

FRIDAY, JANUARY 18, 2008

Unsung Hero (Hylocereus undatus)

Pity poor Hylocereus undatus.1 Though a perfectly interesting species in its own right, you’ll never see it when you’re looking over the plants at your local Lowe’s or supermarket or garden center or wherever you buy them, even if you’re looking directly at it. Why’s that? Because 99.99% of the time, you’re seeing this:

These brightly-colored cacti are actually two different species of cacti grafted together. The top plant in these photos is a Gymnocalycium species, often called “moon cactus,” which has mutated in such a way that it is unable (or maybe just unwilling: they seem kind of spoiled if you ask me) to produce the chlorophyll it needs to photosynthesize. These have been around for years: I remember seeing them as a little kid. The ones I remember, though, were always kind of a neon red: the pinks and yellows and oranges and purples like in the picture are a semi-new development.

The Gymnocalycium produces offsets pretty easily, even when grafted, and the offsets so produced can be grafted to a new base, perpetuating the plant, though it’s my understanding that even the best grafts only last a few years, as the base grows faster than the Gymnocalycium. After that point, the difference in speed between the two becomes too great for the graft to hold together, and the two split apart. Some of the sites I ran across in researching this one seemed to be suggesting that the Gymnocalycium, if removed from the base and replanted, will remain colored until it dies from lack of food; other sites implied that severed grafts would spontaneously begin to produce chlorophyll even though they never had previously, and could be planted on their own. My personal suspicion is that both are true: the “purple” grafts, if you look closely, do contain some green, towards the center of the plant:

So they probably could begin making food for themselves if they really needed to. Peanut butter sandwiches, at least. At the same time, the neon yellow and orange and pink give no indication of having any green pigment in them whatsoever, and so I would guess that those probably couldn’t make it on their own. We do have a few plain green Gymnocalycium at work, but they don’t do anything terribly interesting and just look like your ordinary small green beanbag-shaped cactus. A couple of them do color up a little in the summer: they stay green but have a red / purple cast to them, especially on the most exposed portions of the plants. It’s not especially attractive: mostly they just look kind of burnt.

But who cares about the Gymnocalyciums anyway, right? What we’re really interested in is the base, the sad little, put-upon, servant of a plant that’s doing all the heavy lifting.

Source:http://plantsarethestrangestpeople.blogspot.com/2008/01/unsung-hero-hylocereus-undatus.html

 

BIPOLARIS

Bipolaris Species

BIPOLARIS CACTIVORA

Bipolaris Stem Rot of Cactus Caused by Bipolaris cactivora (Petrak) Alcorn  [1998]

Chang MeeHyun Ik-Hwa Overseas Pest Division, National Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, RDA, Suwon (Korea Republic)

Abstract
Bipolaris stem rot of cactus severely occurred up to 77% at the field of Koyang and Kimcheon from 1996 to 1997. The symptom was initially light yellow, water soaked round lesion, subsequently turned light brown and dried to death. The causal fungus was identified as Bipolaris cactivora (Petrak) Alcorn. Conidia we

pitaya

re obclavare to fusoid, rounded ends, light brown color, 1~4 septate, and conidial size was 23~42*6~9 micro m (av. 32.5*7.5 micro m). Conidiophores were inoculated with the isolates obtained from the lesion of diseased plants, the same characteristic symptoms as those in the field were produced. The symptom of four-month-old cactus was developed more rapidly than that of six-month-old cactus. The pathogen was reisolated from the artificially inoculated lesions.
Abstract

A total of 62 isolates of Bipolaris cactivora causing cactus stem rots were isolated from major cactus-growing areas in Korea. Colony morphology of the isolates on potato-dextrose agar was differentiated into aerial (CA) and non-aerial mycelial types (CB). CA had profound aerial mycelium with grayish brown (CA-l), light brownish (CA-2), and brownish (CA-3) pigmentations; respectively, while CB had dark brownish pigmentations. CA had conidia of less dark pigmentation and acute terminal end. CB had darker and more round-end conidia. Twenty-eight amplified fragments were produced by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) with a set of 2 random primers. The sizes of amplified DNA fragments ranged approximately from 0.1 to 2.3 kb. The isolates were classified into 2 major genomic DNA random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) groups at the genomic similarity of 97.7�� and 95.1��, respectively. Cluster analysis of genetic similarity among the isolates generated a dendrogram that clearly separated all isolates into SA or SB. This result suggests that there may be two morphotypes of B. cactivora in Korea that may differ in their genetic constitutes.